Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Democracy in Civil Disobedience, Slavery in Massachusetts, Benito Ceren

The Oppression of Democracy Exposed in Civil Disobedience, Slavery in Massachusetts, Benito Cereno and Bartleby the Scrivener America has long been recognized as a democratic nation, a nation operating under the will of the people. The forefathers of America fought incessantly against British tyranny to start anew in a land of freedom and opportunity. Because America revived the ancient Greek ideology of democracy, the nation was set apart from the rest of the world and was revered for the freedom and justice it provided its people. However, not everyone thinks that American democracy means freedom and liberty. On the contrary, writers such as Henry David Thoreau in "Civil Disobedience" and "Slavery in Massachusetts," along with Herman Melville in "Benito Cereno" and "Bartleby the Scrivener," suggest that democracy can actually oppress and restrict the individual. In "Civil Disobedience," Thoreau criticizes the American government for its democratic nature, namely, the idea of majority ruling. Like earlier transcendentalists, such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thoreau believes in the importance of the individual. In a society where there are many individuals with conflicting perceptions and beliefs, Emerson chooses passivity and isolation to avoid conflict with others. However, unlike Emerson, Thoreau rejects passivity and challenges his readers to stand up against the government that focuses on majorities over individuals. Thoreau argues that when power is in the hands of the people, the majority rules, "not because they are most likely to be in the right, nor because this seems fairest to the minority, but because they are physically the strongest" (Thoreau 64). Thoreau portrays this very fundamental element of democracy, w... ...t the tyrannical majority and take whatever measures necessary, but Melville simply exposes the repressive nature of democracy and leaves it at that. However, Melville does point out, through "Benito Cereno" and "Bartleby, the Scrivener," that simply rebelling against democracy, as Thoreau proposes, is not the answer. Perhaps Melville does not have a solution, just as Bartleby did not. Nonetheless, to both writers, democracy continues to be a despotic institution. Works Cited and Consulted: Melville, Herman. Bartleby and Benito Cereno. Dover Publications, Inc. New York. 1993. Thoreau, Henry D. "Slavery in Massachusetts." Reform Papers. Ed. Wendell Glick. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1973. 91-109.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   ----- "Civil Disobedience" from A World of Ideas - Essential Readings for College Readers, Lee A. Jacobus, Bedford Books, 1998, 1849(123 -146)

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Ode to the West Wind versus Life Will

It Is amazing to see the slmllarltles between their poems â€Å"Ode to the West Wind† and â€Å"Life Will† despite the differences In times & cultures as well as the fact that Elshabby didn't know any other language than Arabic was thus Indirectly influenced by the romantic school through his assoclatlon with Apollo school. Both Shelly, in his â€Å"Ode to the West Wind† and Elshabby, in his â€Å"Life Will† follow the tradition of romantic poets in recognizing nature as a rebellious force capable of making a change in our life. Shelly both admires and fears the changes nature's rebellious forces can wreak.Elshabby, however, is consumed by the hope that people will take their cue from nature and become so fully rebellious against oppression till they eliminate all sorts of oppression. Shelley's â€Å"Ode to the West Wind† expresses the hope that its words will inspire and influence those who read or hear it. Perhaps more than anything else, Shelley wanted his message of reform and revolution spread, and the wind becomes the trope for spreading the word of change through the poet-prophet figure. The poem allegorizes the role of the poet as the voice of change and revolution.It discusses political change, revolution, and role of the poet. â€Å"Life Will† by Elshabby is one of the greatest revolutionary poems written in Arab's world. It still lives till now as it had recently inspired the Arab Spring Revolutions, just as it had inspired revolution against colonization throughout the Arab world in the previous century, when it was written at 1933. The poet uses his verses to evoke people to revolt against and get rid of their oppressor, as If he wants his nation to roar at and eliminate them till there Is nothing left to oppress the people.Sometimes, the poet feels as If his people are not as responsive to his outcry as he may wish, but he doesn't lose hope. He Is consumed by hope believing his nation will revolt at last b reaking the chains with a tremendous will that can't be efeated. Both poems are similar In their classical structure & romantic content. â€Å"Ode to the West Wind† consists of five stanzas written In terza rlma. Each stanza consists of four tercets (ABA, BCB, CDC, DED) and a rhyming couplet (EE). The structure & rhyme confirm to classical tradltlon & resembles Dante's â€Å"Dlvlne Comedy†.The poem follows the romantic tradltlon of glvlng nature and Its elements life. It begins with three stanzas describing the wind's effects upon earth, air, and ocean. The last two stanzas are Shelley direct monologue to the wind, asking for its ower, to lift him like a leaf, a cloud or a wave and make him its companion in its wanderings. He asks the wind to take his thoughts and spread them all over the Winter comes, can Spring be far behind? † â€Å"Life Will† consists of six stanzas with a mono rhyme; for each verse ends with an (R). Also, the verses are divided into t wo halves according to classic Arabic poetry tradition.The declamatory beginning of the poem is another feature of classic Arabic poetry. Then Elshabby introduces the elements of nature and their spirit as the speaker of the poem showing an indirect nfluence by Romanticism. â€Å"Almotaqareb† poetry â€Å"bahr† and the (R) mono rhyme lend a quick tempo to the poem absent from Shelly's Ode. The poem is full of certainty shown in the word â€Å"AN† which means â€Å"must† and stressed by the last verse: 131 As opposed tothe uncertainty at the end of Shelly's â€Å"Ode to the West Wind†: ‘If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?Though both poems give life to nature ; its elements, each expresses this romantic belief in a different manner. â€Å"Ode to the West Wind† personifies the west wind both as a â€Å"Destroyer† and a â€Å"Preserver†. It is seen as a great power of nature that destroys in order to create, that kills the unhealthy and the decaying to make way for the new and the fresh. In â€Å"Life Will†, Elshabby introduces the wind as a link between inspiration and revolution. It is likened to the revolutionary wind insides him. He stresses that people's will to revolt is the real life that can change destiny and destroy the chains oppressing people.Shelly's Ode shows the effect of the Wild West Wind' on land, sky & sea. The first few lines contain sinister elements, such as ‘leaves dead'. These leaves haunt as ‘ghosts' fleeing from something that panics them. Other allusions to death are ‘chariotest' and ‘corpse within its grave'. He contrasts the west wind to the ‘azure sister of the spring a reference to the east wind – whose ‘living hues and odours' evoke a strong contrast to the colours of death. The sky's ‘clouds' are ‘like earth's decaying leaves'.They also are numerous in number like the dead leaves. Through this reference the landscape is recalled again. The ‘clouds' are ‘Shook from the tangled boughs of Heaven and Ocean'. The ‘clouds' can also be seen s ‘Angels of rain', like messengers bringing change. Here, the west wind is two things at once: first he is ‘dirge/Of the dying year'; singing a funeral song about the year coming to an end and second he is â€Å"a prophet of tumult whose prediction is decisive†; a prophet who does not only bring ‘black rain, and fire, and hail', but who Will burst' it.The ‘locks of the approaching storm' are the messengers of this bursting: the ‘clouds'. Elshabby doesn't describe scenery so much as recount what the elements of life advised him. The land speaks to him. She tells him she likes mbitious revolutionary people and curses dead people who want the status quo kept. The poet calls the land â€Å"mother† invoking an intimate relationship between them. He then declares what each element of nature advi sed; the wind roared among valleys, mountains and trees that achieving ambitions means discarding caution and expending the effort to reach the final goal.He contrasts this with people who won't try to climb up the mountains and thus live forever beneath their dreams. He talks about autumn, drinking wine, sea and seeds stressing revival and the cycle f nature and describing spring and its beauty. The turning-point in Shelly's poem is the third stanza. Whereas Shelley had began by accepting the cycle of nature ; death which brings life back, he now turns to â€Å"wistful reminiscence as an alternative possibility of transcendence†.He gives an image of nature ‘so sweet that one feels alludes to his fear of the revolution that would bring about change even while he is wishing for this change. Whereas the first three stanzas began with ‘O wild West Wind' and ‘Thou†¦ ‘ and were clearly directed to the wind, there is a change in the ourth stanza. The fo cus is no more on the Wind', but on the speaker who says ‘If I ‘ Shelley wishes to identify himself with the wind, although he believes that were a he cannot do that: ‘Oh, lift me up as a wave, a leaf, a cloud'.Because he suddenly remembers his inability as a human to soar, he fall upon the thorns of life' and ‘bleed'. Elshabby also aligns himself with nature. First, he calls earth as ‘his mother'. Then he states that the wind and thunder of revolution live in his heart allowing him to listen to the music of rain as if showing him how nature moves and works all round him to encourage people to do the same; to move and work to revolt against oppression. He then asks darkness about hope, but it doesnt answer. It is the lyre that answers.It says that winter brings death but the seeds hide under ground waiting for spring to come alive. There is another dialogue between destiny and elements of nature. Destiny asks when will hope come and spring comes to answ er her with his revival of life. All through this stanza, darkness, winter and death stands for oppression while spring and seeds stand for hope of coming free. He ends the oem with a repetition of the first stanza stressing the idea that destiny must & will respond to those who has ambition for freedom & change.Shelly ends his poem with a question: ‘If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?. This is of course a rhetorical question because spring does come after winter, but the â€Å"if† suggests that it might not come if the rebirth is not strong and extensive enough. Thus the question has a deeper meaning and does not only mean the change of seasons, but is a reference to death and rebirth as well. Shelly's Ode is about the role of the poet as the agent of olitical and moral change.In this, it resembles Elshabby's poem which invoked the people to revolt against oppression. Both describe nature and its elements as alive, but where Shelly is both admiring and in owe of nature, Elshabby is more direct in invoking the power of nature and revoking caution and fear. Also, where Shelly wishes to have the power of the wind, even though he believes it is impossible, Elshabby aligns himself completely with nature and encourage others to follow his example as the only way they can attain â€Å"life will† which can achieve their dreams nd hopes.Elshabby's poem also evokes more hope & certainty of achieving this hope, ambition & bravery as well as disregard & rejection of caution & fear while achieving it in contrast to Shelly admiration & fear of change. I might be biased in my view that Elshabby's â€Å"Life Will† is stronger and livelier than Shelly's â€Å"Ode to the West Wind†, but in that I might be pardoned as Elshabby's â€Å"Life Will† has been revived with the current Arab Spring giving us renewed hope for change and freedom and coming more alive in the process than Shelly's ode can ever hope to be.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Enlightenment By Locke, Paine, And Kant - 1492 Words

The Enlightenment was a cultural movement that swayed people who initially made decisions based on their faith to making decisions based on reason. It seems effortless but in reality it changed the game for many people back then. Even today, people do crazy things because of their faith and if asked to justify themselves, they would not be able too. People brave enough to understand this new paradigm shift like Locke, Paine, and Kant influenced society with their new fascinating philosophies that have influenced us till today. What they did not realize is how corrupt the development of reason would become. Rousseau understood reason and never denied it but also saw its future, which is why he chose compassion over reason. Through Locke’s, Paine’s and Kant’s examples we can understand that there was nothing wrong with reason until society took advantage of it and made it unethical; its clash with faith and a person’s emotions is unveiled beautifully by Ross eau and that would be society’s definite way to go if we desired to stand by our moral virtues. Locke looked at the world from the point of view of his senses, and he wanted to understand how an individual’s senses may alter the world to one versus another. â€Å"Our observation, employed either about external sensible objects, or about the internal operations of our minds, perceived and reflected on by ourselves, is that which supplies our understandings with all the materials of thinking.† (An Essay Concerning HumanShow MoreRelatedThe Enlightenment By Thomas Paine And John Locke1709 Words   |  7 PagesFinal Paper: The Enlightenment The eighteenth century embraced the beginning of an opinionated movement for new thinking about once unquestioned truths and actions. This movement, known as the enlightenment was more than a period of advanced ideas, as this unfamiliar way of thinking also lead to a change in the way that people began to operate within society. The ambition was lead by the attempt to break free from the past, overturning old ideas and moving forward. Enlightenment thinkers helpedRead MoreAmerica s Move Toward Independence1776 Words   |  8 PagesWhen one considers the part Enlightenment ideas played in America’s move toward independence, it is firstly mandatory to address two key concepts; what we mean by the term enlightenment and what these ideas mean in relation to American Independence. Broadly speaking, the Enlightenment is commonly perceived to be a philosophical movement of the 18th Century that introduced new ways of thinking and encouraged a broader understanding of the world. Howe ver, the enlightenment realistically isn t this simple;Read MoreThe Enlightenment Philosophers: What Was Their Main Idea2373 Words   |  10 PagesNetwork  » Literary Periods  » The Enlightenment 57 The Enlightenment The Enlightenment, sometimes referred to as the Age of Reason, was a confluence of ideas and activities that took place throughout the eighteenth century in Western Europe, England, and the American colonies. Scientific rationalism, exemplified by the scientific method, was the hallmark of everything related to the Enlightenment. Following close on the heels of the Renaissance, Enlightenment thinkers believed that the advancesRead MoreWilliam Blake was born in London on November 28, 1757 to James and Catherine Blake. His father,1600 Words   |  7 Pageswith the school’s president Sir Joshua Reynolds (Merriman 2). In 1780 he was hired by Joseph Johnson. Johnson, a seller of â€Å"radical† texts, introduced Blake to such writers such as Joseph Priestley, William Godwin, Mary Wollstonecraft and Thomas Paine (Simkin 1). He illustrated Paines The Rights of Man and Wollstonecrafts The Vindication of the Rights of Women. He also illustrated Mary Shelley’s Original Stories from Real Life in 1788 (â€Å"Marriage and early career†). In 1782 he met CatherineRead MoreThe United Nations Universal Declaration Of Human Rights1805 Words   |  8 Pagesthe worlds first charter of human rights is now identified in 593 B.C when Cyrus the Great; freed the slaves, established racial equality and freedom to choose one’s own religion (Fleiner, 1999) With the emergence of the 18th century’s Age of Enlightenment, the concept of human rights was elevated with strong associations to the philosophy of liberalism, holding connotations of freedom after the abolition of slavery, serfdom and suppression in Europe and overseas (Von Mises, 2005). However when theRead MoreLiberal Perspective of a State7979 Words   |  32 Pagesliberalism, which became popular in the twentieth century. Liberalism first became a powerful force in the Age of Enlightenment, rejecting several foundational assumptions that dominated most of the earlier theories of government, such as hereditary status, established religion, absolute monarchy, and the Divine Right of Kings. The early liberal thinker John Locke, who is often credited for the creation of liberalism as a distinct philosophical tradition, employed the concept of naturalRead Morehistory of philosophy5031 Words   |  21 PagesIdealism. There is also the  lumpers/splitters  problem, namely that some works split philosophy into more periods than others: one author might feel a strong need to differentiate between The Age of Reason or Early Modern Philosophers and The Enlightenment; another author might write from the perspective that 1600-1800 is essentially one continuous evolution, and therefore a single period. Wikipedias philosophy section therefore hews more closely to centuries as a means of avoiding long discussions

Friday, December 27, 2019

Proper Formal Letter From Introduction to Conclusion

Formal English letters are quickly being replaced by email. However, the formal letter structure you learn can still be applied to business emails and other formal emails. Follow these structure tips to write effective formal business letters and emails. A Purpose for Each Paragraph First Paragraph: The first paragraph of formal letters should include an introduction to the purpose of the letter. Its common to first thank someone or to introduce yourself. Dear Mr. Anders, Thank you for taking the time to meet with me last week. Id like to follow up on our conversation and have a few questions for you. Body Paragraphs:  The second and following paragraphs should provide the main information of the letter, and build on the main purpose in the introductory first paragraph. Our project is moving forward as scheduled. Wed like to develop a training program for staff at the new locations. To this end, we have decided to rent out space in the local business exhibition center. New staff will be trained by our experts in personnel for three days. In this way, well be able to meet demand from the first day. Final Paragraph: The final paragraph should shortly summarize the intent of the formal letter and end with some call to action. Thank you for your consideration of my suggestions. I look forward to an opportunity to discuss this matter further. Formal Letter Details Open with an expression of formal address, such as: Dear Mr, Ms (Mrs, Miss) - if you know the name of the person you are writing to. Use Dear Sir / Madam if you do not know the name of the person you are writing to, or To Whom it May Concern Always use Ms for women unless you are specifically requested to use Mrs or Miss. Beginning Your Letter First, provide a reason for writing. If you are beginning correspondence with someone about something or asking for information, begin by providing a reason for writing: I am writing to inform you about ...I am writing to ask/inquire about ...I am writing to ask about information for small businesses.I am writing to inform you that we have not yet received payment for ... Frequently, formal letters are written to express thanks. This is especially true when writing in response to an inquiry of some kind or when writing to express appreciation for a job interview, a reference, or other professional assistance  you have received.   Here are some useful phrases of gratitude: Thank you for your letter of (date) inquiring about ...We would like to thank you for your letter of (date) asking for / requesting information about ...In response to your letter of (date), we would like to thank you for your interest in ... Examples: I would like to thank you for your letter of January 22nd requesting information about our new line of lawnmowers.In response to your letter of October 23, 1997, we would like to thank you for your interest in our new line of products. Use the following phrases when asking for assistance: I would be grateful if you could verbWould you mind verb ingWould it be too much to ask that ... Examples: I would be grateful if you could send me a brochure.Would you mind telephoning me during the next week?Would it be too much to ask that our payment be postponed for two weeks? The following phrases are used to offer help: I would be happy to verbWe would be pleased to verb Examples: I would be happy to answer any questions you have.We would be pleased to assist you in finding a new location. Enclosing Documents In some formal letters, you will need to include documents or other information. Use the following phrases to draw attention to any enclosed documents you might have included. Enclosed please find nounEnclosed you will find ... nounWe enclose ... noun Examples: Enclosed you will find a copy of our brochure.Enclosed please find a copy of our brochure.We enclose a brochure. Note: if you are writing a formal email, use the phase: Attached please find / Attached you will find. Closing Remarks Always finish a formal letter with some call to action or reference to a future outcome you desire. Some of the options include: A referral to a future meeting: I look forward to meeting / seeing youI look forward to meeting you next week. An offer of further help Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions regarding this matter.If you need any further assistance please contact me. A Formal Sign Off Sign the letter with one of the following phrases: Yours faithfully,Yours sincerely, Less formal Best wishes.Best regards. Make sure to sign your letter by hand followed by your typed name. Block Format Formal letters written in block format place everything on the left-hand side of the page. Place your address or your companys address at the top of the letter on the left (or use your companys letterhead) followed by the address of the person and/or company you are writing to, all placed on the left side of the page. Hit the key return a number of times and use the date. Standard Format In formal letters written in standard format place your address or your companys address at the top of the letter on the right. Place the address of the person and/or company you are writing on the left side of the page. Place the date on the right-hand side of the page in alignment with your address.

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Asperger’s Syndrome Essay - 2026 Words

Asperger’s syndrome is becoming more and more common as time goes by. Each year, more children are being diagnosed. This paper focuses on Asperger’s Syndrome and developing social skills in various social settings. By looking at the etiology, diagnostic procedures, how the condition effects development, daily challenges, current social/cultural views, and relevant social interventions, a better understanding on how to develop social skills for children with Asperger’s Syndrome can ensue. The world revolves around social situations. This is how people are hired for jobs, ask for things, make new friends, meet their future spouse, etc. At the moment, social skills training and social support is minimal compared to where it potentially†¦show more content†¦These areas are directly associated with Asperger’s Syndrome. Diagnosis of Asperger’s Syndrome can be a challenge. An interview with a clinician must be conducted, including the family of the person being diagnosed. Also, an observation is conducted in two different social settings (i.e.: school and home) (Stoddart, 2009). The criterion to be diagnosed is straight forward. First, there must be a severe impairment in social interaction. For example, no eye to eye contact, posture, does not develop peer relationships, and not bringing up interests to other people (Stoddart, 2009). Second, there must be stereotyped behaviors. For example, not being able to adhere to a random routine or change of plans, hand flapping, and playing with parts of objects, not the object itself. Thirdly, the impairments cause strain on social, and other areas of functioning. Fourth, the child had no delay in speech. This is the difference between a child with autism and Asperger’s. Children with Asperger’s have no delay in speech and usually are advanced in this area. Lastly, the child has no cognitive delay. For example, self-help abilities, and adapting behavior s. Usually these children have very high IQs (Stoddart, 2009). The major criterion is the social impairment. Asperger’s Syndrome is very focused around social behaviors. These children do not socially interact,Show MoreRelatedAspergers Syndrome Essay1101 Words   |  5 PagesAspergers Syndrome Today there are many different types of disabilities and syndromes. When you have a child to be diagnosed with a disability or a syndrome life can suddenly become overwhelming. This is especially true if they have been diagnosed with Aspergers Syndrome. Parents sometimes feel guilty because their child has a disability or syndrome. Parents may feel that they are responsible for their childs disability or syndrome. Parents may feel guilty about their child being diagnosedRead MoreEssay on Aspergers Syndrome1111 Words   |  5 Pagescure for Aspergers syndrome, masking the symptoms and overcoming the challenges is possible by learning proper social skills, staying within a comfort area, and having a good support structure. A person with Aspergers syndrome faces many daily challenges, such as carrying on a conversation or looking someone in the eyes while speaking. Jacob, the main character in House Rules, by Jodi Picoult, learns to live with these challenges and function as normally as he can. Aspergers syndrome, also calledRead MoreAspergers Syndrome Essay1613 Words   |  7 PagesCan you imagine a preschool age child who does not like to play games that involve use of his/her imagination? Imaginative games is one of the hallmarks of early childhood. These are some of the problems that people with Aspergers syndrome live with every day. Aspergers syndrome is a relatively new diagnosis in the DSM-IV, the manual that mental health professionals use to diagnose patients. The disorder was first included in the latest edition in 1994. It is one of the pervasive developmentalRead More Aspergers Syndrome Essay1752 Words   |  8 PagesHans Asperger, a pediatrician from Austria, began to study a group of children at his clinic in 1944. He noticed that the young boys he was studying were clumsy, lacked social skills, and did not understand nonverbal communication. Asperger’s syndrome (AS), named after Doctor Hans Asperger, is a developmental disorder. Research by Woodbury-Smith and Volkmar (2009), claim that AS was originally thought of as a less severe form of Autism, in which the individual has higher linguistic ability but stillRead MoreLife of a Child with Aspergers Syndrome702 Words   |  3 PagesWhile children with Asperger’s Syndrome have an average to above average intelligence and normal cognitive abilities, they unfortunately suffer with impaired social skills. An effective treatment program will have to be tailored to fit the specific child’s Asperger’s in order for the child to be successful in managing his or her own behaviors. This form of treatment is run by a psychologist, counselor, speech pathologist, or social worker, these therapies are invaluable ways to build social skillsRead MoreEmily Comp: Aspergers Syndrome Research Paper2018 Words   |  9 PagesEmily Comp Research Paper November 18, 2012 Asperger’s Syndrome Approximately 947,570 Americans have Asperger’s Syndrome (AS), however, it is not an easy disorder to explain (Bashe 19). With multiple conditions and characteristics in each case, AS is not an easy disorder to diagnose. Asperger’s Syndrome was named after Hans Asperger, an Austrian physician, who first described the disorder in 1944 after studying a group of children with similar, unusual characteristics. However, AS was notRead MoreA Case Study of T.C.: Aspergers Syndrome Essay1943 Words   |  8 Pagesdelayed in speech. In addition, she walked on her toes, did not make eye contact with others, had a terrible fear of loud sounds, cried frequently, and was a poor sleeper. She was evaluated before her second birthday and was diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome or related pervasion developmental disorders and has profound difficulty with social interaction. She has received speech therapy, with an emphasis on social skills training, intense therapeutic therapy, a nd occupational therapy. T.C. is inRead MoreAsperger’s Syndrome: Madness, Savantism, or Genius2985 Words   |  12 Pages. Asperger’s Syndrome: Madness, Savantism, or Genius? Marilou Bauer Ottawa University Physiological Psychology PSY 31354 Dr. John Papazafiropoulos June 11, 2012 Asperger’s Syndrome: Madness, Savantism or Genius? Everyone knows, or has known, a person that could be described as a little â€Å"off†, â€Å"quirky†, or â€Å"eccentric†. That was the person who was socially inept, shy, studious, and may have had a stutter. They might have had an artistic talent, or may have seemed almost a â€Å"genius†Read MoreAnalysis Of Henry David Thoreau And Aspergers Syndrome1062 Words   |  5 Pageswhat makes his works so popular. His elaborate writing style and sharp detail in his stories, though, make him seem pretentious to many readers. However, many scholars have come to debate: Was Thoreau pretentious, or did he have Asperger’s syndrome? Asperger’s syndrome is a condition that is on the autism spectrum. The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) uses three standard criteria to specify the severity of the condition. In John M. Mahoney’sRead MoreEssay on Asperger?s Syndrome1037 Words   |  5 Pages Asperger’s Syndrome Today there are many different types of disabilities and syndromes. When you have a child to be diagnosed with a disability or a syndrome life can suddenly become overwhelming. This is especially true if they have been diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome. Parents sometimes feel guilty because their child has a disability or syndrome. Parents may feel that they are responsible for their child’s disability or syndrome. Parents may feel guilty about their child being diagnosed with

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Globalization and Internalization Impact on the Community

Question: Does globalization threaten or enhance community? Answer: Introduction Globalization, internationalization has been the subject matter of debate among scholars. Both of these concepts have had a substantial place in our modern globe. Their significance lays in the improving of the contemporary communities particularly the community and society status, and the function on the world in which their interdependence has enhanced substantially(Kay, 2004). As a matter of actuality, internalization has had a good deal in surviving in the globe. However, others are stating that internalization is making the most of globalization, which is increasingly essential than in the past(Berkes, 2007). Consequently, to look into the aspect of globalization if it threatens or enhances the community there is a need to study and consider an example of society, and examine and discuss the ways in which globalization and internationalization are impacting either positively or negative on this community(Cochrane, 2007). This essay, therefore, aims at looking at these concepts a nd providing insight into the Australian community especially the multicultural community that is found in the urban and region areas of Australia and this will serve as an example for this essay. To begin with it is significance to understand the idea of globalization and internationalization. According to Kay (2004) Globalization is regarded as the intensification of the worldwide sociable relationship that can link the distant localities in a manner that the community occurring might be molded by proceedings that occurs many miles away. Further, according to Berkes (2007) highlights that globalization is the acceleration and the intensification of interaction that occurs among individuals, organization and the government of various nations. On the other hand, internationalization is regarded as the increased importance of the international trade, treaties, alliances as well as the international relations(Berkes, 2007). The globalization is considered as an unavoidable wave of the forthcoming days that is aimed to encourage the global economic integration of several formerly national economies into one global economy primarily for the sole purpose of free trade as well as fr ee capital mobility to the uncontrolled migration. The world currently has become different from the way it had previously been, because of globalization and internationalization(Harrison, 2012). With the advances in the technology as well as communication, it has become a deterritorialized, where there have been constraints of geography shrinks and the world becomes more singular and unified. The multicultural communities in the Australia have been a focus on the research. In the urban and the regional areas, we find the array of culturally diverse communities. Around the quarter of the population of Australia, it is usually composed of a citizen who was either born overseas or migrated to Australia. Some of the suburbs found in the cities and the large regional based towns and residents are composed of multicultural(Narula and Zanfei, 2005). In Australia, they are developing on their multicultural national identity. Even the schools and the neighborhood we find individuals from the various ethnic and cultural background who often c an speak more than one language. Highlighting on the positive and the negative effect of globalization and internationalization some individual see it as a power which can destroy the heritage as well as the culture of the multicultural community in the Australia(Whiteford, 2003). By them, this is a nightmare which is happening at present and would continue for the future generations. According to my view, I believe globalization and internationalization are impacting positively upon multicultural communities in Australia. This decision is based on the following analysis and relevant concepts based on the effect of globalization and internationalization. Through globalization and internationalization, there has been a global technological mecca empowering on the cultures thus allowing self-representation as well as facts sharing on a new level(Cochrane, 2007). The use of technology has provided the medium where depiction of the images and portrayals of the self-identity that can signifies that truism might be established. Via a global media, it bears allowed culture to have a distinct voice for endorsing the awareness as well as provided a community know-how and even understanding of their experiences as well as identities(Scholte, 2005). Further, through technology it has allowed communication of the relevant community accounts as well as their commentaries on the issues which are significant in the preservation of their culture and knowledge acquisition hence enabling them to retain on their diversity. It has also been evident that through globalization and internalization there has been privatization as well as commercialization of the knowledge thus, impacting on a learning community to develop. A knowledgeable community can be a driving force especially when it comes to the national and the international political, social as well as economic development. It is therefore important not to underestimate on the contributions of the global economy(Tilly, 1995). The ethnic groups in Australia have played a significant input on the knowledge community. Moreover, the dominant cultures would still prevail. Globalization and internalization have also played a decisive role in impacting on education in the multicultural community in Australia. It has made possible education to be available to the alien cultures that had previously no access to it(Zahra, Rawhouser, Bhawe, Neubaum and Hayton, 2008). This not only provided education opportunities, but also global jobs. Australia recognized th e immediacy of globalization, and they began in the establishment of guidelines to enshrine their cultural diversity that is within their educational framework, which meets the requirements of the emerging globalization and internationalization trends. On the aspect of cultural level, it has been evident that the world has shifted from the national culture to mixed cultures across the globe. In Australia, there are diverse cultures due to multicultural groups that have existed. Consequently, this has resulted in homogenized global culture rather than nationalism(Diaz and Zirkel, 2012). Moreover, the aspects of globalization and internationalization have impacted on the provision of efficient market and wealth equality across the globe. The need arises for an efficient market to every economy to strive well and the community to benefit when there is an equilibrium between the sellers and the buyers. Additionally, the creation of jobs has been possible for individuals in this community. Some have started their businesses and can provide comfort for their families(Whiteford, 2003). This is a good thing especially when it bring the aspect of increased competition which entails that business that are operating need to provide high-quali ty products. Conclusion Individuals live and develop their potential in the social groups. Throughout the history, the multicultural community in Australia has been defining the characteristics of the human society. All throughout the 20th and the 21st Century, people have found themselves in the globalized world that has been influenced though economic, social, and the cultural impact that is coming from various sources. This process has been a challenge to the human and the social rights and has significantly affected the individual and their social development. Nonetheless, with globalization and internationalization, it has impacted the multicultural community positively in Australia. This has been through the provision of efficient markets, increased competition, wealth equality globally, input of the knowledge community, empowerment of the cultures and impacted on education. This shows a significant changes especially in this community, and despite some scholars disagreeing on these concepts, I believ e they have impacted positively. References Berkes, F., 2007. Community based conservation in a globalized world. Proceeding of the National academy of sciences, pp. 15188-15193. Cochrane, F., 2007. Civil society beyong the state: The impact of diaspora communities on peace building. Global Media Journal: Mediterranean Edition, pp. 2(2), pp.19-29. Diaz, J. and Zirkel, S, 2012. Globalization, psychology, and social issues research: An introduction and conceptual framework. Journal of Social Issues, pp. pp.439-453. Harrison, N., 2012. Investigating the impact of personality and early life experienced on intercultural interaction in internationalized universities. International journal of intercultural Relations, pp. 36(2), pp. 224-237. Kay, S., 2004. Globalization, power, and security. Security Dialogue, pp. 35(1), pp.9-25. Narula, R. a. Z. A., 2005. Globalisation of innovation (pp.318-345). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Scholte, J., 2005. Globalization: A critical introduction. s.l.:Palgrave Macmillan. Tilly, C., 1995. Globalization threatens labor's rights. International labor and working class history, pp. 1-23. Whiteford, G., 2003. Enhancing occupational opportunities in communities: Politics' third way and the concept of the enabling state. Journal of Occupational Science, pp. 10(1), pp.40-45. Zahra, S. A., Rawhouser, H.N., Bhawe, N., Neubaum, D.O. and Hayton, J.C, 2008. Globalization of social entreprenuership opportunities. Strategic entreprenuership Journal, pp. 117-131.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The Accidental Bricoleurs by Rob Horning

I’ve always thought that Forever 21 was a brilliant name for a fast-fashion retailer. These two words succinctly encapsulate consumerism’s mission statement: to evoke the dream of perpetual youth through constant shopping.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Accidental Bricoleurs’ by Rob Horning specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Yet it also conjures the suffocating shabbiness of that fantasy, the permanent desperation involved in trying to achieve fashion’s impossible ideals.  Forever 21 was found in 1984 as a single store in Los Angeles called Fashion 21. The worldwide success of Forever 21 and the other even more prominent fast-fashion outlets, like HM (2,200 stores in thirty-eight countries), Uniqlo (760 stores in six countries), and Zara (more than 4,900 stores in seventy-seven countries) epitomized how the protocols of new capitalism—flexibility, globalization, technology- enabled logistical micromanaging, consumer co-creation—have reshaped the retail world, and with it, the material culture of consumer societies. Though retailers have long employed trend spotters to try to capitalize on bottom-up innovation, fast-fashion companies have organized their business models around the principle relying on logistics and data capture in order to respond rapidly to consumer behavior. With small-batch production runs and global labor market to exploit, fast fashion accelerates the half-life of trends and ruthlessly turns over inventory, pushing the pace of fashion to a forced march. Fast fashion’s accelerated rate, and its unscrupulousness about copying branded designs, means that luxury houses and name designers, which dictated fashion seasonally, now must increasingly adapt to the ramifications of fast fashion’s trial-and-error approach. Despite apparently democratizing style and empowering consumers, fast fashion in some ways, constitute s a dream sector for those eager to condemn contemporary capitalism, as the companies heighten some of their current contradictions almost systematically: the exhaustion of innovative possibilities, the limits of the legal system in guaranteeing property rights, the increasing immoderation of the world workforce.Advertising Looking for essay on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Their labor practices are in the long tradition of textile-worker exploitation, offering paltry piecemeal rates to subcontracted suppliers and overlooking how they treat employees1. For instance, before the GATT Multifiber Agreement lapsed in 2005, allowing Forever and other garment-makers to outsource much of their manufacturing to Asia, the company’s domestic labor practices generated lawsuits filed on behalf of workers who alleged sweatshop conditions. In a press release, the Garment Worker Center, a California-based workers ’ rights group, noted some of the conditions that prompted the suits: withheld wages, long hours without legally mandated breaks, rat and cockroach infestations, and a lack of bathrooms and access to drinking water. The plaintiffs’ lead lawyer claimed that companies like Forever 21 â€Å"create and demand these conditions. What logic drives the imperative to accelerate, regardless of the toll on workers? The all-purpose excuse for sweatshop practices once was the overriding need to offer bargain prices to Western consumers who have come to regard inexpensive clothes as an entitlement. (Berfield 50) Fast fashion has added the justification of better responsiveness to consumers’ fickleness. The companies overheat production schedules abroad so that they can constantly provide novelty and variety to customers who have come to expect it, who count on the stores not necessarily to meet their wardrobe needs but to relieve ennui. Shoppers witness and take part in the spectacle of pure novelty. On the chaotic retail floor, and in the frantic dressing rooms of Forever 21’s stores, amid the disheveled racks and the items abandoned by shoppers distracted by something else, creative destruction ends up in being staged as semi-prurient guerrilla theater in which an endless series of hurried consumer costume changes is the essence of the performance2. Bibliography Berfield, Susan. â€Å"Forever 21’s Fast (and Loose) Fashion Empire.† Bloomberg Business Week: January 20 (2011).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Accidental Bricoleurs’ by Rob Horning specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Footnotes 1 Susan Berfield. â€Å"Forever 21’s Fast (and Loose) Fashion Empire.† Bloomberg Business Week. January 20, (2011): 21. 2 Ibid. This essay on The Accidental Bricoleurs’ by Rob Horning was written and submitted by user Haylee Michael to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.